Prof. Ifeanacho Martin, Onyinye Durueke (PhD), Juliana Masi


The purpose of this systematic review is to determine how farmer-herder conflicts affect Nigerian nationalism. The goal was to gather relevant information on the reasons of the conflict between farmers and herders in Nigeria, how that conflict affects the nation of Nigeria, and any potential solutions. The frustration-aggression theory provided support for this inquiry. The secondary qualitative methodology was used for data collection and analysis. According to the analysis, a decline in internal social cohesiveness, a lack of respect for customs, interference with livelihoods, and inadequate grazing resources were the main causes of the conflict in Nigeria between farmers and herders. Another judgment indicates that the herders/farmers conflict had serious negative repercussions on Nigeria's nationhood, including negative social, economic, and socio-economic ramifications. The war also had an immediate impact on Nigerians' livelihoods and means of subsistence.  According to the report, there has been a significant human cost associated with the herdsmen/farmers conflict in various areas of Nigeria. There have been several fatalities, large-scale displacements, and destruction of various types of property, including crops, livestock, homes, and automobiles. It was suggested that an effective government and NGOs were required to handle the challenges farmers and herders faced, notably in the areas of education, resolving conflicts, and improving living conditions. Nongovernmental groups ought to support livelihoods centred on livestock, such as herding cattle, in order to influence favourable national policies and support community-based innovations in addition to crisis mitigation.


herders, farmers, conflicts, threat, Nigerian, nationhood.

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