THE IMPACT OF COLONIALISM ON RELIGIOUS DYNAMICS: UNDERSTANDING HOW COLONIAL HISTORY HAS SHAPED RELIGIOUS TENSIONS AND CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA

Anayo Ossai (PhD)

Abstract


Religion-related conflicts have developed into an established and complex feature of Nigeria's complicated social structure, impacting the country's socio-cultural, political, and economic spheres. As a reflection of the nation's diversified religious surroundings, these tensions occur due to a complex interaction of historical, social, and ideological factors. The impact of colonialism on religious dynamics in Nigeria examines the tremendous impact of colonial history on the complicated religious environment of Nigeria. Nigeria had a radical imposition of Western religions throughout the colonial era, mainly Christianity and Islam, which affected native belief systems and social structures. The purpose of the study is to examine the lasting impacts of colonial interventions on the religious dynamics of Nigeria. To offer light on how colonial impositions have sustained inequities, fueled identity-based disputes, and impacted modern religious expressions, it aims to investigate the historical roots of religious tensions and conflicts. Colonial administrations drew boundaries of religion along geographic lines, thereby widening religious divides and promoting rivalry amongst religious communities. These divisions' legacy still permeates Nigerian society, impacting relationships, socioeconomic gaps, and political environments. The study carefully analyzed the context of history when attempting to resolve these challenges, and the colonial legacies that continue to sow discord within religious communities are actively confronted. In conjunction with acknowledging the past, the paper recommends inclusive policies, educational reforms, interfaith dialogue, and community engagement initiatives that aim towards healing historical wounds and fostering a shared national identity that transcends religious divides as essential in order to find solutions to Nigeria's religious tensions arising from colonialism.


Keywords


Impact, Colonialism, Religious Dynamics, Conflicts, Nigeria.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullahi, H. (2019). An analysis of the Southern Kaduna Crisis: Highlights the Importance of Local Peace Committees in Nigeria's Efforts to Resolve Ethno-Religious Conflicts. Journal of Peace Studies, Covenant, 9(2), 1–14.

Acemoglu, D.and Robinson, J. A. (2006). Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy.

Cambridge: University Press.

Achebe, A. (1958). Things fall apart. London: Heinemann.

Adewale, F. (2021). Economic Exploitation and Dependency: Nigeria's Post-Colonial Struggle.Journal of African Economics.25(4), 245-263.

Ajayi, J.F.A. (1969). Christian Missions in Nigeria, 1841-1891: The Making of a New Elite.

Evanston: Northwestern University.

Akande, T. (2020). The Lingering Impact of Colonialism on Nigeria. Journal of African Studies,

(2), 45–62.

American Institute of Peace (2012). Preventing Violent Extremism through Education and

Inclusion.

Ayoade, J.A. (1999). The Politics of Democracy and Adjustment. Nigeria: Africa World Press.

Brown, J. (2017). Islam Education: Teaching Islam: A Call to Scholarship and Community

Engagement. Islamic Research Institute of Yaqeen.

Collier, P. (2007). The Bottom Billion: The Reasons Behind the World's Poorest Nations' Failures and Possible Solutions. UK:Oxford University Press.

Comenius, J. (2018), Paper For The National Interfaith Peace and Harmony.

Falola, T. (1998). Violence in Nigeria: The Crisis of Religious Politics and Secular Ideologies. Rochester: University Press.

Falola, T. (2009). Colonialism and Violence in Nigeria.Bloomington: Indian University. Hastings, A. (1990). The Church in Africa, 1450-1950. Oxford: Clarendon. https//www.amazon.com.

Heaton, M. M., and Falola, T. (2008). A Nigerian History. Cambridge University Press.

Hoeffler, A. and Collier, P. (2004). "Greed and grievance in civil war." in Oxford Economic

Papers, 56(4)563-595.

Kalu. O. (2009). Colonialism and Christianity in West Africa: The Igbo case, 1900-1915. The Journal African History, Vol.12, 1. Cambridge.org/core/journal.

Kukah, M., and Maitama, A. (2017). Interfaith Dialogue as a Method for Resolving Religious

Conflicts in Northern Nigeria. Dialogue Studies Journal, 5(1), 65-78.

Miguel and Kremer (2004). "Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities." Econometrica, 72(1), 159–217.

Mamdani, M. (1996). Citizen and Subject: The Legacy of Late Colonialism in Contemporary Africa. Princeton: University Press.

Mamdani, M. (2004). Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. USA: Harmony.

Mohammed (2015). Nigerian Interfaith Mediation Committees' Significance in Promoting Interfaith Dialogue and Resolving Conflict. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 183–191 in, 6 (3).

Murray, L. (1967). The Sokoto Caliphate. Michigan: Humanity Obaro, I. (1977). Religion and Politics in Nigeria: A Study in Middle Belt Christianity. Journal of Religion in Africa.

Okafor, J. (2022). Legacy of Colonialism: Impacts on Nigerian Governance. African Studies Review, 30(2), 112-129.

Okonkwo, C. (2019). Colonial Legacy and Ethnic Tensions in Nigeria. International Journal of

African Studies, 8(1), 28–4.

Okonjo-Iweala, N. (2019). Building Peace in Nigeria through Education. World Bank.

Olupona, J.K. (2011). City of Gods: Ile-Ife in Time, Space, and Imagination. California: University of California.

Paden, J. N. (1973). Religion and Political Culture in Kano. California: University of

California Press.

Peel, J.D.Y. (2000). Religious Encounter and the Making of the Yoruba. Bloomington:

Indiana University.

Robert, R. (1995). The Politics of Judicial Interpretation: The Ideological Crisis of Interpretation in Colonial Nigeria, 1900-1914. The American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 39, No. 4, October 1995.

Rodney, W. (2009). How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Lagos: Panaf.

Sanneh, L. (2008).Disciples of All Nations: Foundations of Global Christianity.Oxford University Press.

UNESCO, 2015. Learning objectives for education related to sustainable development goals.

UESDOC website (ark:/48223/pf0000245444).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Anayo Ossai (PhD)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.