Thomas Obaren Igabor, Fred Osahon Okunmahie (PhD)


This study examined counter-justice and restiveness in Nigeria, with emphasis on the relationship between Southeast (SE) marginalization and restiveness in the region drawing examples from socially excluded communities across the nation and the challenges it brings to the public–economic system. Nigeria’s peace, security, and corporate existence as a nation are threatened because of the prevalence of this phenomenon. The researchers adopted a qualitative research method utilizing a focus group study. The theory of collective violence explains the problems of inequitable distribution of national resources, marginalization, poverty, and unemployment that have fostered restiveness thereby creating instability in the public system. The study found that there is a positive relationship between the marginalization of the Southeast region and violent agitation in Nigeria and that counter-justice negatively impacts peace and security in the Southeast and Nigeria. The study recommended there is a need for the federal government of Nigeria to pay attention to the demands of all persons, groups, or regions in a similar manner. Discrimination of one group/region against the other is the cause of restiveness across the country.


Counter-Justice, Agitation, Restiveness, Social Exclusion, Southeast Nigeria.

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