I. Adamu, E. C. Edemenang, M. A. Bello


This study was on determinants of Attitude of Office Technology and Management students towards Shorthand in Public Polytechnics in Northern Nigeria. Specifically, the study had five, objectives, five research questions and five null hypotheses. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population for the study was 861 National Diploma II OTM students. The entire population was used for the study. The instrument for data collection was 4-point scale structured questionnaire. The instrument was validated by four experts and pilot tested at Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State using 40 students. The data collected from the pilot study was subjected to Cronbach’s alpha reliability test and .846 reliability coefficient was obtained. The researchers assisted by five research assistants collected the data using direct approach. The data collected were entered into Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 25 for data analysis. Mean scores, standard deviations and graphs were used to answer the research questions. Simple Linear Regression was employed to test the research hypotheses at the significant level of 0.05. The results disclosed that stress, anxiety, attitude, self-efficacy and pedagogical approach among others have significant influence on attitude of OTM students in Shorthand. It was concluded that student with high level of anxiety, low level of self-efficacy and low level of self-esteem among others would develop negative attitude towards Shorthand. The study recommended among others that Shorthand teachers should help their students to developed positive attitude towards the subject by encouraging sharing of ideas among students, engaging constant drilling and motivating students by educating them the importance of shorthand in the labour market.


Determinants, Attitude, OTM Students, Shorthand, Public Polytechnics, Northern Nigeria.

Full Text:



Abdulrazak, M., Adamu, I. and Haruna, A. J. (2020). Assessment of Self-efficacy and Content Knowledge needs for Shorthand Instructional Delivery of Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria, Journal of Science, Technology, Mathematics and Education (JOSTMED), 16 (3), 106-118.

Abdulrazak, M., Adamu, I., Yaduma, P. S. and Yushau, B. (2019). Assessment of Differences in Pedagogical Skills and Content Knowledge needs for Shorthand Instructional Delivery among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria, Journal of Educational Research and Development, 13 (1) 93-97.

Adamu, I. & Kabir, Y. (2019). Influence of Technical and Vocational Education Training Centers on Youths’ Self-Reliance in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Journal of Science, Technology and Education 7 (1) 264-275.

Ahinful, G. S., Tauringana, V., Bansah, E. A., & Essuman, D. (2019). Determinants of academic performance of accounting students in Ghanaian secondary and tertiary education institutions. Accounting Education, 28(6), 553–581

Ahmed, W. (2018). Developmental trajectories of math anxiety during adolescence: Associations with STEM career choice. Journal of Adolescence, 67, 158–166.

Alam, k. Kumar, H (2018) Academic stress and academic performance among high secondary students. A gender analysis, IJCRT,8

Amoor S.S. & Adamu, I. (2013). Assessment of Secretaries’ perception on Relevance of Shorthand in their Functions in an Era of Advance Office Technology and Information System. Journal of Capital Development in Behavioural Science, 2 (1 & 2), 19-34

Amoor S.S. and Adamu I. (2016). Perception of Medical Secretaries on the need to introduce Basic Science Curriculum of Secretarial Education in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria, Journal of Educational Foundations (JEF). A publication of Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 6, 285-297.

Amoor, S. S. (2014). Determinant of choice of office option among business education in colleges of education in Nigeria. A PhD Thesis submitted to Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria.

Amoor. S. S. & Zakari, M. B. (2015). The Place of Secretarial Education in Tertiary Institutions in Kaduna State, Nigeria, for Future Office 2020, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 15 (2).

Ardura, D., & Galán, A. (2019). The Interplay of Learning Approaches and Self-Efficacy in Secondary School Students’ Academic Achievement in Science. International Journal of Science Education, 41, 1723-1743.

Arslaan, J., Ayesha, A., Zara, A., Quratulain, H., Khawaja, J.M. and Sanniya, K. G. (2019) Assessment of Academic Motivation Level of Undergraduate Medical Students of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Cureus 11(3): e4296. DOI 10.7759/cureus.4296

Ashcraft, M. H. (2019). Models of math anxiety. In I. C. Mammarella, S. Caviola, & A. Dokwer (Eds.), Mathematics anxiety. What is known and what is still to be understood, 1–19

Auka, D. O., Bosire, J. N. and Matern, V. (2013). Perceived service quality and customer loyalty in retail banking in Kenya,” Br. J. Mark. Stud.,1(3), 32-61.

Aurah, C. M. (2017). Investigating the Relationship between Science Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Gender, and Academic Achievement, among High School Students in Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(8), 146-153

Awak, R. S.. (2015). Relevance of shorthand skills to secretarial duties in automated offices in North-east geo-political zone of Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Dessertiation submitted to Postgraduate School, ABU Zaria

Baba, B., Aburiya, A. D. & Azeesi, R. (2018). Motivation and Shorthand Performance Case Study of Bolgatanga Polytechnic,New Media and Mass Communication,7(6), 7-11

Basith, A., Andi, S. and Muhammad, A. I. (2020). Academic Self-Efficacy As Predictor Of Academic Achievement, Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia (JPI),9(1), 163-170

Benjamin, A. E. and Emmanuel, O. F. (2017).Students’ perceptions of difficult concepts in biology in senior secondary schools in Lagos State, Global Journal 0f Educational Research 16, 139-147

Bernal-Morales, B., Rodríguez-Landa, J. F., & Pulido-Criollo, F. (2015). Impact of anxiety and depression symptoms on scholar performance in high school and university students, a fresh look at anxiety disorders. London, UK: Intech Open. Retrieved from depression-symptoms-on-scholar-performance-in-high-school-and-university-stude

Dauda, I. (2021). Influence of students perceived cognitive difficulties on interest in shorthand and choice of office option in colleges of education in north East Nigeria, International Journal of Innovative Education Research 9(3):140-149

Dekhtyar, S., Weber, D., Helgertz, J., & Herlitz, A. (2018). Sex differences in academic strengths contribute to gender segregation in education and occupation: A longitudinal examination of 167,776 individuals. Intelligence, 67, 84–92.

Ehirheme, E. (2019). Problems of teaching and learning of Shorthand in OTM programme of Polytechnics in Lagos State. Nigerian Journal of Business Education 12(1),88-94.

Essel, G and Owusu, P(2017) Causes of students’ stress, its effects on their academic success, and stress management by students. Case study at Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences, Finland

Fadare, G. O. (2020). Evaluation in business education: challenges of mastery of shorthand skills, Nigerian Journal of Business Education (NIGJBED) 7(2), 361-374

Halim, L., & Meerah, T. S. M. (2016). Science Education Research and Practice in Malay- sia. In Science Education Research and Practice i n Asia (pp. 71-93). Singapore: Sprin- ger.

Heflin, H., Shewmaker, J., & Nguyen, J. (2017). Impact of Mobile Technology on Student Attitudes, Engagement, and Learning. Computers & Education, 107, 91-99.

Huang, X., Zhang, J., & Hudson, L. (2019). Impact of math self-efficacy, math anxiety, and growth mindset on math and science career interest for middle school students: the gender moderation effect. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 34, 621-640.

Jayaluxmi, N. and Rajendran, G. (2021). Postgraduate Mathematics Education Students’ Perceptions of Technology-based Tools and Resources: Exploring the Influences of Connectivism and the Three Worlds of Mathematics. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 9(6), 1214-1223. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2021.090610.

Kaumi, A. K. and Ali, B. S. (2018). Effects of stress on the academic performance of students of tertiary institution in Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, International Journal of Humanities, Art and Social Studies (IJHAS), 3(3) 79-88 .

Kötter, T., Wagner, J., Brüheim, L. and Voltmer, E. (2017). Perceived Medical School stress of undergraduate medical students predicts academic performance: an observational study, BMC Medical Education, 17:256 DOI 10.1186/s12909-017-1091-0

Lai, Y. & Aksornjarung, P. (2018). Thai EFL Learners’ Attitudes and Motivation Towards Learning English Through Content-based Instruction.Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences 6(1),

Madiha, Z. and Walid, K. (2016). The Causes of Tunisian SME Failure, Economic Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, DOI:10.4172/2223-5833.1000274, From

Martin, R. K. and Gerald, H. (1970). The Measurement Of Academic Interests Part I. Characteristics 01 the Academic Interest Measures, Research Bulletin Rb-70-57 October 1970, From

National Research Council (NRC) (2003). Evaluating and Improving Undergraduate Teaching in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. record_id10024

Oduwaiye, R. O., Yahaya, L. A., Amadi, E. C. and Tiamiyu, K. A. (2017). Stress Level and Academic Performance of University Students in Kwara State, Nigeria, Makerere Journal of Higher Education, 9 (1), 103 – 112 DOI:

Oketch, O. Odiemo L (2018) Relationship between level of stress and performance among University of Nairobi students. International journal of learning and development 1, 51-66

Okorie, A. (2016). Relationships among Stress, Coping Strategies and Academic Achievement of University Undergraduate Students in Imo and Kaduna States, Nigeria. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria.

Okoro, P. E. (2018). Appraisal of Students’ Academic Performance in Shorthand in College of Education, Warri, ATBU, Journal of Science, Technology & Education (JOSTE); Vol. 6 (2), 283-292

Onukwufor. J. and Izuchi, M. (2017). Factors, gender and locational differences of stress among secondary school students in Ikwerre and Port Harcourt Local Government Areas of Rivers State, Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(12), 1212-1217.

Osakpa, D. U., Okonkwo, D. A. R. and Ejiogu, S. I. (2018). Effectiveness of Lecturers with Polytechnic or University Basic Business Education in Nigeria, African Research Review International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia Afrrev 12 (1), 49, 102-110

Pallant, J. (2011). Survival Manual. A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS. Phang,

Pizzie, R. G., & Kraemer, D. J. M. (2019). The Academic Anxiety Inventory: Evidence for dissociable patterns of anxiety related to math and other sources of academic stress. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, Article 2684.

Ram, S. (2016). What is shorthand. From

Ramnarain, U., & Ramaila, S. (2017). The Relationship between Chemistry Self-Efficacy of South African First Year University Students and Their Academic Performance. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 19, 60-67.

Samson-Akpan, P. E., John, M. E., Edet, O. B., and Uka, V. K. (2017). Stress and coping strategies among undergraduate nursing students in Calabar, Nigeria. Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 4, 61-70.

Sari, N.T.I. (2017). Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Round Robin terhadap Prestasi Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Siswa SMA. Jurnal Ecopsy, 4(1)

Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) [Database record]. APA PsycTests.

Siami , P., Irma, M. Nur, F. A., AIrmawati, M. C. and Basrun, U. (2019). Influence Of Emotional Intelligence On Mathematics Learning Outcomes Of Class VII Middle School 9 Buru Students, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 8(10), 1490-1494

Singh, N.; Chandwani, S.; Singh, J.; & Kumar, D (2019). Exploration of level of computer anxiety among veterinary students. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal),

Sulaiman, U. O. (2017). Importance of Shorthand to Digital age. From

Ugoji E.J. (2001) ‘’Factors responsible for students’ poor performance in shorthand in higher instructions’’ Business Education journal, 2130: 96-103)

Umar, U. S. (2019). Impact of Academic Stress and Coping Strategies among Senior Secondary School Students in Kaduna State, Nigeria, International Journal of Innovative Social & Science Education Research 7(1):40-44.

Usman, H. (2018). Business Education in National Economic Reform Agenda. JournalofEducationResearchandDevelopment. ABU, Zaria 7 (4). 289 -290.

Wang, M., & Degol, J. (2013). Motivational pathways to STEM career choices: Using expectancy-value perspective to understand individual and gender differences in STEM fields. Developmental Review, 33, 304–340.

Zain. N. (2018Admissions Representatives. Masters and MBA Progress Worldwide Website https // zainnabi.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 I. Adamu, E. C. Edemenang, M. A. Bello










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.