Chika G. Okezie, C. N. Anumudu (PhD), Emeka Eze, Rev. Fr. Dr. I. C. Ekeagwu


Socioeconomic inequality in health and mortality remains a disturbing reality across nations including Nigeria. Inequality drew renewed attention globally. Nigeria though made impressive progress in health, it makes an interesting case for learning. This paper examined the trends and changing pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in under-five mortality in rural Nigeria. It also examined whether mother’s education had any effect in reducing socioeconomic inequalities. Thelogit model and concentration index were utilized to achieve the set objectives of the research work.  Data on under five mortality, household wealth and other socio economic variables were sourced from the Nigeria demographic health survey NDHS 2018.  Findings from the estimated models reveal the following: Socio economic variables like household wealth, Mothers level of education, Employment status of mother, household size, place of residence have significant impact on under five mortality in Nigeria. There exist a significant inequality in under five and infant mortality in Nigeria with significant Negative bias towards the poor. The paper recommends that efforts to tackle under five mortality should  be holistically addressed and must  include increasing literacy rate among women, women empowerment programmes that improve women financial capacity, agency and freedom of choice.


Impact, Socio-economic inequality, Under five mortality, Rural Nigeria.

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