Isaac Fadeyi Olajide, Babatunde Abiodun Fanawopo


The media have significant roles in entrenching good governance and accountability in Nigeria. However, despite Nigeria's constitutional provision for good governance and independent media role, journalists have diverse perspectives on the media's role in governance. Therefore, this study examined the journalists' perspectiveson entrenching good governance and accountability in Nigeriato understand the media's role in a democratic society. The Social Responsibility Media theory framed this study while qualitative data through in-depth interviews were gathered from ten purposively chosen journalists from five conveniently chosen broadcast and five print media organizations in Nigeria. The findings revealed that journalists often beam their searchlight on the governments' activities. However, due to ownership structure, Editors' relationship with political office holders, and other challenges, journalists are often laid back in carrying out their major duties. The study concludes that although there are improvements in journalists' reportage of good governance, the Nigerian media has not lived up to its expectations in entrenching good governance and accountability and recommends that the media should be fully independent to perform its statutory roles in democratic societies.


Journalists, Perception, Media Influence, Entrenchment, Good Governance, Accountability, Nigeria.

Full Text:



Abdelsalam, H., Dara, S., Kasali, J. & Ganiu, D. (2013). Social media in Egyptian government websites. Presence, usage, and effectiveness. Government Information Quarterly, 30 (4): 406-416.

Abegunde, O. and Fajimbola, O. J. (2018). Media and democratic governance in Nigeria. International Journal of Research. 6(11), 94 – 108.

Adaja ,T. (2012). Nigerian Journalism and Professionalism: Issues and Challenges. New Media and Mass communication Journal, 5(3): 84-98

Adinlewa, A. (2011). Appraisal of the Role of ICT and Media in Governance. News Watch, 12(7): 34-52

Akhtar, S., Malla, M. K., and Gregson, J. (2000). Transparency, accountability and good governance: role of new information and communication technologies and the mass media. International Journal on Media Management, 2: 3-4, 124 – 132. DOI:

Akhtar, S., Malla, M. K., and Gregson, J. (2002). Transparency, Accountability, and Good Governance, Media Asia, 29:1, 10-16, DOI:

Alade, O. (2019). The influence of the media in developmental roles. International Journal of Humanity, 2(5): 245-290

Amodu, M., Yartey, G., Ekanem, D , Oresanya, I. & Afolabi, S. (2016). Good governance and the attributes. Journal of Humanity Studies, 16(7): 44-64

Bertot, C., Jaeger, Paul, T. & Grimes, M. (2010): Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency; E-Government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies. Government Information Quarterly, 27 (3): 264–271.

Bittner, J. R. (1989). Mass communication An introduction (5th ed.). New Jersey Prentice Hall.

Channels (2020). Nigeria Ranks 161st On Global Youth Development Index. Retrieved from: (Accessed: August 3,2021).

Cho, E., & Park, H. (2012). Government organizations' innovative use of the Internet. The case of the Twitter activity of South Korea's Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Sciento-metrics, 90 (1): 9–23.

Daramola, I. (2003). Introduction to Mass Communication (2nd ed.). Lagos Rothan Press.

Doornbos, M. (2001). 'Good Governance': The Rise and Decline of a Policy Metaphor? Journal of Development Studies, 37(6), 93-108.

Eboh, P. (2016). Philosophy, Women and Responsible Leadership in Africa. In J.O. Oguejiofor (Ed.), Philosophy, Democracy and Responsible Governance in Africa, New Brunswick and London (pp. 13-26). London: Transaction Publishers

Felten, E. (2009). Government Online. Outreach vs. Transparency. Retrieved from: August 5, 2021)

Gisselguist, R. (2019). Good governance as a concept , and Why This Matters for Development Policy. Retrieved from (Accessed: August 7, 2021).

Gyong, M. (2011). Good Enough Governance: Poverty Reduction and Reform in Developing Countries. Governance. International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 17(4), 525-48.

Hofmann, S. Beverungen, D., Räckers, M., & Becker, J. (2013). What makes local governments' online communications successful? Insights from a multi-method analysis of Facebook. Government Information Quarterly, 30 (4): 387–396.

Itah, M. (2012). Development and Media Role in good governance. African Studies, 12(9): 56-74

Jega, M. A. (2014). 2015 elections: INEC and the media. The Press, Issue Number Twenty-Two. Abuja: Nigerian Press Council (NPC).

Kaufmann, D. (2005). Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption. The Global Competitiveness Report 2005-2006. New York: World Economic Forum.

Kayani, M. Ul Haq, M., Perwez, M., & Humayun, H. (2011). Analyzing Barriers in E-Government Implementation in Pakistan. International Journal for Infonomics (IJI), 4 (4): 494–500.

Khalid, G. Ahmed, A. & Muft, I. (2015). Media and Development in Society: Continuity and Challenges. Journal of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 20(11): 47-54

Lee, S. (1989): A scientific methodology for MIS case studies. MIS Quarterly, 13: 33−50.

Michaelsen, M. (2011). New Media vs. Old Politics. The Internet, social media, and Democratisation in Pakistan. Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Msughter, A. E., Maradun, L. U. and Liman, M. (2021). Media narratives in reflections on good governance and accountability in Nigeria. Global Scientific Journals, 9(11), 903 – 917

Ogundiya, I. (2010). Democracy and good governance: Nigeria's dilemma. African journal of political science and international relations, 4(6), 201-208

Olaiya, T.., Apeloko, D. & Ayeni, O. (2013). Factors in Mass Media, Third-Term Agenda and Governance in Nigeria. New Media and Mass Communication, 10(9): 74-88

Oseni, T. (ed) (2019). The Media, Transition and Nigeria. Lagos: Tosen Consult.

Prat, A. & Strömberg, D. (2011).The political economy of mass media. Through the network of networks. Stockholm University: Oxford Internet Institute.

Sharma, D. K. and Dubey, P. K. (2018). The role of the media is vital in ensuring democracy and good governance. JETIR, 5(4), 291 – 296.

UNDP (1997). Governance for sustainable human development. UNDP policy document,: New York.

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. What is good governance? Retrieved from

Riddell, P. (2014). Impact of transparency and accountability', in Bowels, N., Hamilton, J. T. & Levy, D. A. L. (eds), Transparency in politics and media: Accountability and open government. London: I. B. Tauris & Co Ltd.

World Bank (1992). Governance and development. Washington, DC : The World Bank.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Isaac Fadeyi Olajide, Babatunde Abiodun Fanawopo










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.