Obiageli Ezeanochie, S. O. Uhunmwuangho (PhD)


Nigeria, a sovereign nation, more than anything else, has the greatest obstacle to her nascent democracy as the neglect of voters’ behaviour and education. This datum has negative impacts on the electoral process and by extension the nation building as evidenced in the spates of armed robbery attacks, political assassinations, religious conflicts, political thuggery, rigging, and myriads of electoral malpractices among other social vices. The seeming helplessness of security agencies to handle criminal acts in the country is obvious in many ways. Democracy should be a celebration of an involved public. This paper examines the effects of Voters’ behaviour and perceptions during the election period in Nigeria using Edo State as a case study. Political activities all over the world and particularly in Nigeria often provide the philosophical drive, and in some cases, the front-line troops for social change, including revolutions and resolutions for good governance.. The paper went on to evaluate the election period in the light of the interaction and dynamism within the system, stakeholders in the electoral process and the ability to know their behaviour and perceptions on violent and credible elections in Nigeria..  Hypotheses were postulated and the Political Communication Theory was used to explicate the work.  Data were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. From the primary sources, the survey method, that is, the use of questionnaires were designed and adopted. Data obtained from this method were analyzed with the aid of Simple Percentage.  Thereafter, the five researchable hypotheses were tested and accepted while the null hypotheses were rejected.  The implication is that there is a relationship between the dependent and independent variables.  Generally, the paper discovered a task that must be done with collective efforts of all stakeholders for the growth and development of Nigeria. In the light of this finding, the work suggests policy formulations and implementations which are aimed at repositioning the future elections in Nigeria in general and Edo State in particular. Finally, this study concludes that all stakeholders in the federal polity should thread softly, be objective, rational, altruistic and magnanimous in order not to make the existence of true federalism (social, education, political and democratic cohesive existence of the people, peace and tranquility) a fleeting illusion and a mirage.


INEC, Voters, Behaviour, Electoral Fraud, Democracy, Edo State.

Full Text:



Aja, A.A. (2018): Fundamentals of Modem Political Economy: International Economic Relations, Changing with the Time, Owerri: Data Globe Nigeria.

Adejumobi J.O and Ayanwale A.B (2017) Education Allocation, Unemployment and Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1970-2004, World Room at Texas A and M University

Akintoye E.O. and Uhunmwuangho, S.O. (2018), Analysis of the Effects of Frequent Strikes on Academic Performance of Students in Universities in Nigeria: Edo State As A Focal Point, An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia Vol. 12 No.1

Anifowose, R. (2019). Violence and Politics in Nigeria: The Tiv and Yoruba Experience. New York: Nok Publishers.

Editorial Comment (2002) Three Years of Democracy. Nigerian Tribune, Vol. 1, pp.10.

Forest T. (2016), Politics and Economics Development in Nigeria, West view Press .

Franz, M. M., and Ridout, T.M. (2017). Does political advertising persuade? Political Behavior, 42: 441-463

Green, K.F. (2017) Campaign persuasion and nascent partisanship in Mexico’s new democracy. Journal of Political Science, 55: 398-416

INEC (2019). Electoral Act and INEC guidelines simplified. Abuja: Independent National Electoral Commission

John, S. (2016). The Case For Ethical propaganda within a democracy. Ivy Lee’s successful 1913-1914 railroad rate campaign, Public Relations View

Nigerian Civil Society (2019). Reports on Nigeria’s 2015 General Elections: Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre. Abuja: NCSSR

Onimisi, T., & Omolegbe, L.T. (2019). Appraisal of the 2019 post-electoral violence in Nigeria. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 4(3), 107-113.

Touyor, E. (2004), “Thirty–Five Thesis of Corruption,” The Constitution, Vol.6, 4, 2006, pp.1-14.See also S. Adejumobi, Democracy, Good Governance and Constitutionalism in Africa, in Sylvester Odion-Akhaine, Governance: Nigeria in the World, (Lagos: Centre for Constitutionalism and Development, 2004) pp: 11-21 and B J Adekanye Military Occupation and Social Stratification, an Inaugural Lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan

Uwa, O.G., & Ologunowa, F. (2013). 2011 Post-Election Violence in Nigeria: Lesson for 2015 General Election. America International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, 4(1), 45-55.

Uhunmwuangho SO and Epelle A, (2011) Challenges and Solutions to Ethno-Religious Conflicts in Nigeria: Case Study of Jos Crises. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Vol. 13 No. 5.

Website: – houses the publication How Canadians Govern Themselves Published by the Library of Parliament accessed on 23rd February, 2022.

European Union Observation Mission (2019). General elections 2019; Nigeria.

Campbell, J. (2019). Electoral Violence in Nigeria. New York, NY: Council on Foreign Relations: The Center for Preventive Action. Commonwealth Observation Group (2019). Nigeria General Elections 23 February, 2022. Retrieved from https://www.Commonwealth-Observation-Group-Nigeria-general-elections


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Obiageli Ezeanochie, S. O. Uhunmwuangho (PhD)










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.