M. I. Effiong, J. O. Owolabi


The causes of conflict in Nigeria are rooted mainly in injustice, ineffective governance and stiff competition for resources. This conflict has had enormous negative consequences on the economy particularly agricultural production. Productivity increase in agriculture is the effective driver of economic growth and poverty reduction both within and outside agricultural sectors. Such productivity depends on good rural infrastructures which is either inadequate or lacking in the study area due to conflict. The causes of conflict in North Central Nigeria are categorized into two; religious/ethnic and land/boundary. This study seeks to review the impact of conflict on rural infrastructures as it affects agricultural development in North Central Nigeria between 2000 and 2020. The materials used for this review were obtained from secondary sources. The impact of conflicts on rural infrastructures in the study area were found to include: destruction of houses, worship centers and shops; destruction of or conversion of schools and market places into Internally Displaced Person’s (IDPs) camp, rendering of water sources unfit for use, disruption of telecommunication networks, erratic power supplies, inaccessibility of rural roads, inadequate financial institutions, inadequate extension facilities and pre- and post- harvest losses all of which have a drastic effect on agricultural development. It is recommended that the Federal and State governments should establish and fund grazing reserves and stock routes, strengthen conflict management mechanisms, support agricultural and livestock production and livelihood restoration for farmer and pastoralist communities devastated by violent conflicts among others.


Conflict, Rural infrastructure, Agricultural development, North Central Nigeria.

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