Udo Chikezie Osisiogu, Adoyi Onoja, Paul Mmahi Okoro, Ngozi Anadi


Race and ethnic relations are integral parts of a society’s level of development. Xenophobia and xenophobic encounters occur worldwide in varying degrees. This paper is based on the experiences of Nigerians within the African continent. Consequences of xenophobia are highlighted and plausible theoretical explanations which include the Scapegoating, Relative deprivation and Economic theories are identified. The challenges confronting the efforts to achieve a xenophobic-free society are explored. Secondary sources of data such as reports from the mass media and academic research were reviewed. It is important for Nigerians to be cautious and security conscious when migrating to countries where xenophobic incidents have been reported. Relevant jurisdictions should compensate victims and prosecute offenders. All countries should endeavour to educate their populace and improve the quality of life of its citizens especially through meeting citizens’ basic needs as this would also enhance race and ethnic relations.


Nigerians, Ethnic Relations, Xenophobia, Xenophobic Experience, Intra-African Continent.

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