Nnamani Chukwunonso Nvene, Abdulmalik Abubakar Yusuf, Halima Shuaibu


There is a debate that poor performance and low productivity is a direct consequence of inadequate motivation and performance appraisal because performance appraisal is not taken very seriously in public organizations. Therefore, the general objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of performance appraisal on employee productivity in Federal civil service Abuja. The study was guided by three objectives and three null hypotheses of no significant relationship. The study adopts survey and descriptive research design. Data was collected from respondents using a structured questionnaire. Ordinary least square regression model was used to assess the nature and degree of relationship between dependent variable and independent variables. Findings from the study indicate that the use of performance appraisal has significant effect on employee productivity and performance. The study therefore recommends that multiple appraisal method should be introduced to further encourage objectivity and eliminate biasedness in the appraisal of employees and employee feedback method of performance appraisal should be a pre-requisite for the directors as this will assist supervisors and employees to discuss weakness, productivity standards and areas of improvement that enhance productivity.


Effect, Performance Appraisal, Employee Productivity, Federal Secretariat Abuja.

Full Text:



Aguinis, H. (2009). Performance Management, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Akinbowale, M (2013). The impact of Performance Appraisal Policy on Employee Performance. A Case Study of Guaranty Trust Bank in Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Science 14(4).

Al-habsi, N., & Madbouly, A. (2021). The Effect of Performance Appraisal Systems on Employees and Organizations in Omani Private and Governmental Institutions. Journal of Finance, Business and Management Studies Volume, 1(1), 31–42. https://doi.org/10.26713/jfbms.v1i1.1753

Amata, E. O., Muturi, W., & Mbewa, M. (2016). The Causal Relationship between Inflation, Interest Rate and Stock Market Volatility in Kenya. European Journal of Business, Economics and Accountancy, 4(6).

Belete, G. Tariku, J. & Assefa, T. (2014). The Effect of Employee’s Fairness Perception on their

Satisfaction Towards The Performance Appraisal Practice: A Case Study of University of Gondar. International Journal of Management and Commerce Innovations, 2(1), 174-210.

Butali, P., & Njoroge, D. (2018). Effect of Performance Appraisal on Organizational Performance. International Journal of Science and Research, 7(9), 685–690. https://doi.org/10.21275/ART2019724

Cardy, R.L. and B. Leonard, (2011). Performance management: Concepts, skills and exercises, 2nd Edn., New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Ltd.

DeNisi, A.S. and P. Kluger, (2000). Performance appraisal, performance management and improving individual performance: A motivational framework. Management and Organization Review, 2(2), 253-277.

Deleyeju, P. and O.A. Ojebiyi, (2013). Performance appraisal and review systems: The identification, measurement and development of performance in organizations. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman

Dessler, G., (2008). Human resource management, 11th Edn., New Delhi: Raj Kamal Electric Press.

Dixit, S., & Sharma, K. (2021). Performance Management Practices : A Decisive Approach to Improve Employee Productivity. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(3), 3318–3324.

Esu, B.B. and B.J. Inyang, (2009). A case for performance management in the public sector in Nigeria. International Journal of business and Management, 4(4), 98-105.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v4n4p98.

Evans, W., George, A., & John, K. A. (2021). Effect of Performance Appraisal System on Employee Productivity ;( Chosen Public Senior High Schools , Ho Municipality , Ghana ). Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 12(2), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.7176/JESD/12-2-01

Francis, U., Enyinna, U. K., & Nnedinma, D. (2021). Research Article Performance Appraisal of Employees Productivity in Chosen Banks In Port Harcourt. International Journal of Information Research and Review, 08(6), 7294–7303.

Grönroos, C. and K. Ojasalo, (2004). Service productivity: Towards a conceptualization of the transformation of inputs into economic results in services. Journal of Business Research, 57(4), 414-423

Idemobi, E., and Onyeizugbe, C. (2011). Performance management as an imperative for effective performance in delta state of Nigerian public owned organizations. Sacha Journal of Policy and Strategic Studies, 1(2), 46-54

Iqbal N, Ahmad N, Haider Z, Batool Y, Ul-ain Q. (2013) Impact of performance appraisal on employee’s performance involving the moderating role of motivation. Oman Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 34(981), 1-20

Kagotho, J. W. (2018). Effects Of Performance Appraisal On Employee Performance In The Healthcare Sector In Kenya: A Case Study Of Getrudes Children Hospital In Nairobi. In The Management Univesity of Africa Repositor. The Management University of Africa.

Locke, E., & Latham, G. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation. American Psychologist, 57, 705-717.

Malik, M. S., and Aslam, S. (2013). Performance appraisal, and employee’s motivation: A comparative analysis of telecom industry of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 33 (1), 179-89.

Man, M. K., & Yeen, Y. (2021). Factors affecting the effectiveness of employees ’ performance appraisal in private hospitals in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Society, 22(1), 257–275.

Manoharan, T., C. Muralidharan and S. Deshmukh. (2009). Employee performance appraisal using data envelopment analysis: A case study. Research & Practice in Human Resource Management, 17(1), 92-111.

Miyamoto, Y. (2007). Organizational Behavior. Milton: John Wiley & Sons.

Mollel-Eliphaz, R., L.S. Mulongo and M. Razia, 2017. The influence of performance appraisal practices on employee productivity: A case of Muheza District, Tanzania. Issues in Business Management and Economics, 5(4), 45-59.

Mwema, N.W. & Gachunga, H.G. (2014 ). The influence of performance appraisal on employee productivity in organizations: a case study of chosen who offices in East Africa. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1(11).

Oluwayemisi, L. E., & Taiwo, O. S. (2021). Performance Appraisal and Performance of the Nigerian Civil Service in Five Local Governments of Lagos State. Journal Of Academic Research in Economics Performance, 13(3), 471–487.

Osei AJ, Ackah O. (2015) Employee’s Competency and Organizational Performance in the Pharmaceutical Industry. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 3(3),1-9

Puranik S, and Choudhar GB. (2014). A study on employee performance appraisal in health care. Asian Journal of Management Sciences, 2 (3), 59- 64.

Singh P. and Rana S. (2015). The impact of performance appraisal on organizational commitment of bank employees. International Journal of Science and Research, 4 (4), 2964 - 2967.

Siyum, A. H. (2020). Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employee Productivity in Private and Public Hospitals in. International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, IV(V), 360–368.

Quick, T. W. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 4,760,096. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Tonwe, D. A. & Oghator, E. O. (2009). The Federal Character Principle and Democratic Stability in Nigeria. In Ola, R. F. & Tonwe, D. A. (eds) Nigerian Public Administration.Lagos: Amfitop Books. pp. 230-256

Vroom, V. (1964). Work and motivation. New York, N.Y: Wiley.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Nnamani Chukwunonso Nvene, Abdulmalik Abubakar Yusuf, Halima Shuaibu










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.