Michael Ndisika (PhD)


The thematic focus of this study is to explore causal attribution and emotional reactions to migration amongst youth in Edo State. Six research questions and six research hypothesis guided the study. The study was descriptive research.  The research employs the descriptive research design and the study research population comprises the youth population of Edo State in the three Senatorial Districts which stood at 4,235,800 of the age bracket 16 – 40 years. The random sampling technique was applied in this study from where a sample size of 100 youths was chosen Nigeria Airport departure hall in Benin City, University of Benin students, hotels/club houses and some major streets in Benin City metropolis. A self-developed questionnaire titled “Causal Attribution and Emotional Reactions to Migration Failure (CAERMFQ)” was used to stimulate information from the respondents. The questionnaire has 2 sections (A and B). It is made up of 44 items, section ‘A’ dealt with demographic information while section ‘B’ measures causal attribution (test anxiety, interview anxiety at the embassy, procrastination, self-concept, and locus of control) and emotional reactions to migration failure. Data for this study was analyzed using mean scores and standard deviations to answer research questions.  In the findings test anxiety, interview anxiety at the embassy, self- concept, procrastination, and locus of control are causal attribution to migration failure. The result also indicates that youths emotionally reacted differentially to migration failure.


Causal attribution, Emotional reactions, Attributions theory, Migration failure.

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