Prince Henry Dimas, Oluwabunmi Hezekiah Ajayi, Tanko Kasim Bahijja


The study examined the prevalence of substance abuse and its determinant factors among youths in Jigwada Area, Keffi, Nasarawa State using a cross-sectional survey design. The study adopted a multistage sampling technique and also an online sample size calculator to determine the required sample size for the study and the exercise generated 198 sample size from a total of 405 substance users. The instruments for data collection were demographic characteristics of participants such as age, marital status, occupation and gender; Substance Use/Abuse Prevalence inventory (SUAPI); DAST-10; Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and Peer Pressure Scale. Result of hypothesis 1 revealed that youths in Jigwada abuse Alcohol, Tobacco, Marijuana, Rohypnol, Mixture, Syrup, Cocaine, Unprescribed drugs, Coffee, Kola nut, Spirit, and Solvent. Among all these substances, Cocaine, Solvent, Coffee and Syrup were less prevalent among youths in Jigwada, Keffi, Nasarawa State. The result of hypothesis 2 indicated that peer pressure significantly predicts substance abuse among youths in Jigwada, Keffi, Nasarawa [β= .350; t=5.237; R2= .123; F= 27.426; p < .05]. The result of hypothesis three indicated that self-esteem didnot significantly predict substance abuse among youths [β= -.084; t= -.245; R2= .007; F= 1.362; p > .05]. and as such did not confirm the stated hypothesis. The result of hypothesis four indicated that Male participants differ significantly than Female participants in substance abuse [t(196)= 3.486, p< 0.05]. In this light, the study concluded that there is a high prevalence of substance abuse among youths, peer pressure influenced substance abuse and males abuse substances than females in Jigwada Area of Keffi, Nasarawa State. The study recommended that there should be public health or community-based intervention programs as these are needed to reduce the high prevalence of drug abuse and preventing drug use or substance abuse among youths in Jigwada Area of Keffi, Nasarawa State.


Substance Abuse, Peer pressure, Self-esteem, Youths, Jigdawa Area.

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