David Markus Shekwolo (PhD), Maercy James, Adejoh Victor Attah, Denis Atafo


This study assessed the correlation between big five personality dimension and depression among hospital workers in Keffi Federal Medical Center. The survey design method was used to examine (194) male and female hospital workers in Keffi, Nasarawa State, utilizing purposive sampling technique. Descriptive and inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Independent Sample t-testwere used to test the hypotheses. The study findings indicate a statistically significant relationship between personality traits and depression, extraversion (r = .182, P < 0.05) and agreeableness (r = .154, P < 0.05) revealed significant relationship; while conscientiousness (r = .138, P > 0.01), neuroticism (r = .164, P > 0.01) and openness (r = .136, P > 0.01) did not associate. Furthermore, the result demonstrates significant gender difference on depression t(192) = -2.658, P < 0.05. This result further shows that male health worker (M=60.57; SD=12.89) exhibits lower depression compare to female health workers (M=65.14; SD=10.79).  Additionally, the findings of the study revealed that, age, gender, marital status, religion and years of service jointly predicted health workers’ depression significantly (R= .244; F= 2.383, P < .05). The study concludes that personality traits associates significantly with depression among health workers in Nigeria. In the light of this, the study recommended that, there is need for revision in the healthcare system and modification of current situation for health workers by adopting new strategies to address the stated problems.


Correlation, Big Five Personality Dimension, Depression, Hospital Workers.

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