ASSESSMENT OF PERCEIVED STRESS AND MENTAL HEALTH AMONG OFFICER CADETS OF NIGERIAN DEFENCE ACADEMY KADUNA

Ibrahim Ignatius Felix Ruwan, Musa Yusuf Garba

Abstract


This study focused on first year officer cadets of the Nigerian Defence Academy Kaduna and had the following objectives: to assess the level of stress, to determine the symptoms of general mental health and to establish relationship between stress and general mental health amongst first year officer’s cadets of NDA. A survey design cross sectional in nature was applied where a purposive and convenient sample of 150 officers’ cadets completed the questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed demographic data as well as stress level and mental health of first year officer’s cadets. Data obtained was analyzed using Independent t-test and Pearson correlation analysis. Results in hypothesis 1 clearly revealed that first year officer cadets of NDA Kaduna on training experienced high level of stress (t (129) = 0.383; P > .05)...While findings in hypothesis 2 confirmed general symptoms of mental health among first year officer cadets of NDA Kaduna.: Anxiety have statistically significant (r (172) = 0.152, P < 0.05) relationship with general symptoms of mental health while PTSD, Emotional. Imbalance long hour training and workload revealed a statistically significant relationship with general symptoms of mental health among chosen officer cadets of NDA Kaduna. The results also indicated that Anxiety has a significant relationship on first year officer cadets of NDA Kaduna (r = 0.217, P < 0.05), PSTD (r = 0.274, P < 0.05), Stress disorder (r = 0.232, P < 0.05) and Emotional imbalance, long hour training and workload (r = 0.415). It also shows that Anxiety has a significant relationship with stress (r = 0.286, P < 0.05) and PSTD (r = 0.200, P < 0.05) as well as Emotional imbalance, long hour training and workload (r = 0.373, P < 0.05). Hypothesis 3 established a significant relationship between stress and mental health among first year officer cadets of NDA Kaduna. (r (137) = -0.040; p<0.05). Psychosocial interventions and curriculum review was recommended.

Keywords


Assessment, Officer Cadets, Mental Health, Perceived Stress, NDA Kaduna

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