Ijeoma Evelyn Animba, Julie O. Edeh


Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior arising from experience. It is also an association of stimulus and response resulting in change in behavior. Hence for this resultant change in behavior, certain principles, conditions and criteria must be put in place. Therefore this study sought to investigate instructional material as one of the pre-requisite for effective teaching and learning among secondary school students in Enugu Education zone. Two research questions and hypotheses guided the study. The study employed quasi experimental design with a sample size of 300 senior secondary schools we randomly chosen from the three Local Government Areas in the zone. A researcher designed questionnaire was used to obtain responses from the student. The instrument was face validated by three experts from Department of Education Foundation and Measurement and Evaluation from Enugu state University of Science and Technology and Abia State University respectively. Internal consistency and co-efficient of 0.85 was obtained using Cronbach alpha. Research question was answered using mean and standard deviation while hypothesis was analyzed using t-test. There was a significant difference between students taught with instructional materials and the ones not taught hence it was recommended among others that the use of instructional materials no matter how little should be used in teaching and learning in order to consolidate in the permanence aspect of learning. Government should properly fund and supervise the quality and quantity of educational services given to students.


Instructional Materials, Teaching, Learning. Secondary Schools, Students

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