Eberechukwu Francisca Chigbu (PhD), Grace Chinyere Nnadi (PhD), Christopher Onyema Odo, Ebele Ann Onu


This study examined the relationship between school environment and sexual behaviour of in-school adolescents in South East Zone of Nigeria. The population of this study comprised 137, 095 in-school adolescents in senior secondary II in public secondary schools. The sample of the study was 1200 senior secondary II in-school adolescents. Two research questions and one hypothesis were formulated for the study and the study adopted correlation survey design. Two instruments, namely: School Environment Questionnaire (SEQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.82 and Sexual Behaviour Questionnaire (SBQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.78 were developed by the researchers and used for data collection in the study. The research questions in the study were answered using mean, standard deviation, simple regression analysis while t-test was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The result obtained indicated that School environment of in-school adolescents in South East Nigeria are extra-curricular activities, counseling setting and methodology of teaching, among others; in-school adolescents’ sexual behaviour in South East Nigeria are attraction to their opposite sex and enjoying sexual intercourse under the influence of alcohol, among others;  Based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others, Teachers and counselors should give the in-school adolescents proper and adequate sexuality education to help them avoid risky sexual behaviour.


Relationship, Adolescents, School Environment, Sexual Behaviour, Southeast Nigeria.

Full Text:



Awe, J. (2003). Emotional symptom of low esteem. Retrieved from http//:com/symptoms/emotional.htm

Barry, W. (2005). The effect of social economic status on academic in achievement spring. Wichita State University. Wichita, U. S. A.: Unpublished thesis.

Booth, M. l., & Okely, A. D. (2005). Promoting physical activity among children and adolescents: The strength and limitations of school based approaches. Health promotion Journals of Australia. Retrieved from http://sydney health/coo/pdf/15-scho.

Kasier, M. (2003). National survey of adolescents and young Adults: sexual health knowledge, attitudes and experiences. . Retrieved from>>national-survey of Adolescents and young adults.

Bonell, C., Allen, E., Strange, V., Copas, A., Oakley, A., Stephenson, J., & Johnson, A. (2005). The effect of dislike of school on risk of teenage pregnancy: Testing of hypotheses using longitudinal data from a randomized trial of sex education. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59(3), 223–230. 10.1136/jech.2004.023374.

Collins, U. (2004). Effect of environmental factor to sexual behaviour of in-school Adolescent in Aku Igbo Etiti Local Govt Area of Enugu State. Retrieved from

Eva, W., & Ewa, M. (2003). Perceptios of sexual harassment in Swedish high school: experiences and school-environment problems Doiu. Retrieved from 78-85 first published online 23 march 2003. Retrieved 5/10/15.

Ekwueme, M.N. (2012). Enviromental Determinants among Sechool Adolescents in Obollo- Afor Enugu State. Retrieved from

Greene, K. M., Eitle, D., & Eitle, T. M. (2018). Developmental assets and risky sexual behaviors among American Indian youth. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 38(1), 50–73.

Henderson, M., Butcher, I., Wight, D., Williamson, L., & Raab, G. (2008). What explains between-school differences in rates of sexual experience? BMC Public Health, 8, 53.

Jeremiahs, M., & Twa, T. (2004). Influence of school environment on the sexual activities and academic achievememt of an in-school adolescent. Retrieved from doc/download%3 fdoi%3 D10. rep % 3dp.

Kim, J. (2015). School socioeconomic composition and adolescent sexual initiation in Malawi. Studies in Family Planning, 46(3), 263–279. j.1728-4465.2015.00029.x.

Kasier, M. (2003). National survey of adolescents and young Adults: sexual health knowledge, attitudes and experiences. . Retrieved from>>national-survey of Adolescents and young adults.

Langford, R., Bonell, C., Jones, H. E., Pouliou, T., Murphy, S. M., Waters, E., Komro, K. A., Gibbs, L. F., Magnus, D., & Campbell, R. (2014). The WHO Health Promoting School framework for improving the health and well-being of students and their academic achievement. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Lewallen, T. C., Hunt, H., Potts-Datema, W., Zaza, S., & Giles, W. (2015). The Whole school, Whole community, Whole Child model: A new approach for improving educational attainment and healthy development for students. Journal of School Health, 85(11), 729–739.

Lauritsen, J. (1994). Explaining race and gender differences in adolescent sexual-behavior. Social Forces, 72(3), 859–884.

McNeely, C., & Falci, C. (2004). School connectedness and the transition into and out of health-risk behavior among adolescents: A comparison of social belonging and teacher support. Journal of School Health, 74(7), 284–292.

Nwogu, B. G. (2006). Educational Research ; Basic Issue and Methodology. Windon Publishers Ltd., Ibadan. Retrieved from

Oman, R. F., Vesely, S. K., Aspy, C. B., Tolma, E. L., Gavin, L., Bensyl, D. M., Mueller, T., & Fluhr, J. D. (2013). A longitudinal study of youth assets, neighborhood conditions, and youth sexual behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(6), 779–785.

Onyia, U. (2000). Factors associated with sexual behaviour of adolescent of adolescent students in Ezeagu Local Government Area. Unpublished M.Ed thesis, Enugu State University of Science and Technology

Patton, G. C., Sawyer, S. M., Santelli, J. S., Ross, D. A., Afifi, R., Allen, N. B., Arora, M., Azzopardi, P., Baldwin, W., Bonell, C., Kakuma, R., Kennedy, E., Mahon, J., McGovern, T., Mokdad, A. H., Patel, V., Petroni, S., Reavley, N., Taiwo, K., & Viner, R. M. (2016). Our future: A lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. The Lancet, 387(10036), 2423–2478.

Petard, C., Courtois, R., & Rusch, E. (2008). The influence of peers on risky sexual behaviour during adolescence. France: University Francois Press. Retrieved from University francois Rbelais, Department de psychologie, Tour, Francd. Eurj. Contracept reprod health care 208.sep; B .(3): 264-70doi:10.108.

Paul, C., Fitzjohn, J., Herbison, P., & Dickson, N. (2000). The determinants of sexual intercourse before age 16. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(2), 136–147. https://

Peterson, A. J; Allen, I. E; Chris, R.V, (2020). Effects of the school environment on early sexual risk behavior: A longitudinal analysis of students in English secondary schools Bonella. Department of Public Health, Environments and Society, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15–17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, UK Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1H 9SH, UK UCL Great Ormand Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK

Palisa, D., Jeremiahs, M., & Twatwa, O. (2005). The role of the environment in the sexual activity of school students in Tororo and Uganda. Retrieved from

Pilar, M., & Boreeth, B. (2008). (48) Pilar Marin and Boreeth Brown, Nov (2008) on the school environment and adolescent well being Beyond academics. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends-trends-2008, environment.

Resnick, M. D., Bearman, P. S., Blum, R. W., Bauman, K. E., Harris, K. M., Jones, J., Tabor, J., Beuhring, T., Sieving, R. E., Shew, M., Ireland, M., Bearinger, L. H., & Udry, J. R. (1997). Protecting adolescents from harm. Findings from the national longitudinal study on adolescent health. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278(10), 823–832.

Rink, E., Tricker, R., & Harvey, S. M. (2007). Onset of sexual intercourse among female adolescents: The influence of perceptions, depression, and ecological factors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(4), 398–406.

Steiner, R. J., Michael, S. L., Hall, J. E., Barrios, L. C., & Robin, L. (2014). Youth violence and connectedness in adolescence: What are the implications for later sexually transmitted infections? Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(3), 312–318. e1.

White, C. N., & Warner, L. A. (2015). Influence of family and school-level factors on age of sexual initiation. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(2), 231–237. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.09.017.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Eberechukwu Francisca Chigbu (PhD), Grace Chinyere Nnadi (PhD), Christopher Onyema Odo, Ebele Ann Onu










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.