ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF COALITION JOINT TASKS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Happiness Okokah, Ibrahim Ignatius Felix Ruwan, Vakpa Iliya, Ogheneovie O. Akise, Chukwu Daniel Chibueze

Abstract


This study examined the Impact of Coalition Joint Tasks Force in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study employed survey design. A total population of 400 participants was chosen using Taro Yamani formula as sampling techniques to determine the sample size. Questionnaire was used as an instrument for collection of data; the collected data were analyzed using descriptive and Pearson Product Moment correlation statistic. The results revealed that Coalition Joint Task Force has positive significant effect on personal, political, economic, and community security in Kaduna State. The study concluded that Coalition Joint Task Force has significant role on Human Security in Kaduna State. It was recommended that: The Federal government should also continue to integrate and recruit them into the various security agencies to prevent them from degenerating into criminal gangs, political thugs or becoming bandits which is a high possibility if care is not taken. Finally, the federal, state and local government levels to promote small and medium scale businesses, which will create employment and job opportunities for the millions of unemployed and jobless youths in the country and Coalition JTF center should be legally constituted and similar model developed in other states as seen in Maiduguri and Kaduna. 

Keywords


Assessment, Impact, Coalition, Community Based Security, Joint Task Force, Kaduna State.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achia, I. (2013) Internal Security in Africa, ECOWAS Journal of Peace and Development. Vol. 6 No 1 August,p.33

Agbiboa D. A. and Maiangwa, B. (2014) Nigeria united in grief; divided in response: Religious terrorism, Boko Haram, and the dynamics of state response. African Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 14, no.1, pp. 63–97

Agbiboa D. A. and Maiangwa, B. (2015) Nigeria united in grief; divided in response: Religious terrorism, Boko Haram, and the dynamics of state response. African Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 14, no.1, pp. 63–97

Amnesty International Report, (2015). Amnesty International accuses military of human rights abuse https://www.naij.com/742952-amnesty-international-accuses-militaryhumanrights- abuse-war-crimes.html (accessed 06 September 2015)

Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation, JAIP, vol. 35, no. 4, July 1969, pp. 216-224

BBC New African 2010

BBC, (2012) “Profile of Nigeria's Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau

Birt, Y. (2009). Promoting Virulent Envy: Reconsidering the UK’s Terrorist Prevention Strategy, RUSI Journal, vol. 154, no. 4, pp. 52–8.

Bob, L. and Neumann, L. (1989) “A War of Vigilantes,” Maclean 100 (March 30, 1989): 26.

Boot, M. (2013), Invisible Armies: An Epic History of Guerilla Warfare from Ancient Times to the Present. London:W.W. Norton Inc.

Bracht, N, and Tsouros, A. (1984). Principles and Strategies of Effective Community Participation, Health Promotion International, pp. 5199–5208.

Cadre harmonise 10/03/2017

Campbell, D. (2015, February 2) Maiduguri Attack: Shettima Hails Soldiers, Civilian-JTF, Retrieved from http://www.informationng.com/2015/02/maiduguri-attack-shettima-hailssoldiers-civilian-jtf.html (accessed 06 September 2015).

Carlaw, R W, Mittlemark, M B, Bracht, N. et al (1984) Organization for a Community Cardiovascular Health Program: Experiences From the Minnesota Heart Health Program, Health Educational Quarterly, 1984, pp. 11243–11252.

Daily Trust, (February 3, 2012).Retrieved online.

Daily Trust, (Tuesday, May 09, 2017).Retrieved online.

Dala, M.B. (2014), Civilian Joint Task Force and Internal Security Operation in Nigeria. The Boko Haram Insurgency in Perspective. Nigeria Civil Defence Senior Officers Conference, Abuja; July Unpublished.

Daniel Schirmer and Stephen Rosskamm Shalom, (1986) The Philippines Reader. A History of Colonialism, Neocolonialism, Dictatorship and Resistance (Quezon City, Philippines: Ken Incorporated.

Danjibo, N.D. (2010). Islamic Fundamentalism and Sectarian Violence: The “Maitatsine” and

“Boko-haram” Crisis in Northern Nigeria, being a Paper Submitted to the Peace and Conflict Studies Programme, Institute of African Studies University of Ibadan, (2010).

Economic Commission for Africa, (1999) Regional Cooperation in Food Security, Paper

presented to the Symposium on Food Security in Africa, Dakar

Editorial, (July 31, 2013) “Civilian JTF” should not fight, Nigerian Vanguard Newspaper http://www.vanguardngr.com/2013/07/civilian-jtf-should-not-fight/ (Accessed on 2 March2016)

Emelia, S. (2005).Reflection on the State‟s Role in Contemporary Security Management in Africa.Abuja; Africa Centre of Strategic Research and Training.

Enders, W., Sandler T & Gailulleov K (2011) Domestic versus Transnational Terrorism: Data, Decomposition and Dynamics, Journal of Peace Research, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 319–338

Hassan, I. (2015). Counter-Insurgency from Below, the Need for Local Grassroots Defenders in Curbing the Insurgency in North-East Nigeria, West African Insight, 12 April, 2015

Human right watch, 2015

Human Rights Watch Home Page, https://www.hrw.org/ (accessed December 18, 2016).

Ibekwe, (The Vanguard, September 29, 2016).Retrieved online.

Ibrahim, H. (2013) “NEMA Trains CivilianJoint Task Force on Emergencies inMaiduguri”

http://news24.com/Nigeria/Nationalnews/nema-trains-civilian-jtf-onemergency-in Maiduguri Assessed 23December.

Idris H., Ibrahim Y. and Sawab, I. (2014) Who are Borno’s ‘Civilian JTF’? Nigerian DailyTrust Newspaper, 29 (accessed on 25 March2016)

Idris, Ibrahim &Sawab Daily Trust, (March, 29, 2014).Retrieved online.

Jafar A. Dala, D . (2014)Civilian Joint Task Force and Internal Security Operations in

Nigeria, 31.Dala, Civilian Joint Task Force and Internal Security Operations in Nigeria, 32.

Jonathan, G. (2013). State of the Nation.“Declaration of a State of Emergency in Borno, Yobeand Kaduna States.

Kreuter, M. W., Lezin, N. A., and Young, L. A. (2011) Evaluating Community‐based Collaborative Mechanisms: Implications for Practitioners, Health Promotion Practices, pp. 149–63

McCormick, G. (2007), Things Fall Part: the Endgame Dynamics of Internal Wars. Ilorin: Rand Corporation.

Mozayyan, M. (2009). Glory in defeat and other Islamist ideologies, in Norwitz, H.J. (ed),pirates, terrorists, and warlords: the history, influence, and future of armed groups around the world. New York: Sky horse publishing, (2009)

Nigerian Punch Editorial 2012 Tackling extreme poverty in the North. The Nigerian Punch Newspaper, p. 18.

Nigerian Watch (2014, November 20). Borno State governor promises to arm Civilian Joint Task Force to fight Boko Haram, Retrieved from http://www.nigerianwatch.com/news/5832- borno-state-governor-promises-to-arm-civilian-joint-task-force-to-fight-boko-haram (accessed 06 September 2015)

Okereke, D. (2013, December 16). How Nigeria Can Overcome Terrorism, Insurgency and Instability, Vigilance Magazine, http://www.vigilance securitymagazine.com/industryne s/terrorism-watch/4542-how-nigeria-can-overcome-terrorism-insurgency-and-instability (accessed 05 September 2015)

Omale, D. J. (2013). Terrorism and counter terrorism in Nigeria: Theoretical paradigms and lessons for public policy. Canadian Social Science,(9), No. 3, 2013, ISSN 1923-669 (online).

Ozerdem A. (2016). The role of youth in peace building: challenges and opportunities. Sustainable Security

People’s Daily, (January 27, 2012).Retrieved online

Persson, M. and Kantor, A (2011) ‘Liberian Vigilantes: Informal Security Providers on the Margins of Security Sector Reform’, in Magnus Ekegren and Greg Simons (eds.), The Politics of Security Sector Reform – Challenges and Opportunities for the European Union’s Global Role, Ashgate

Premium Times (2013, October 28). Borno Govt. to train 5,000 ‘civilian JTF’ by 2015, Retrieved from http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/147407-borno-govt-train- 5000-civilian-jtf-2015.html (accessed 06 September 2015)

Rosenbaum, D. P. (2003). Evaluating Multi-agency, Anti-crime Partnerships: Theory, Design and Management Issues, Crime Prevention Study Journal, vol.14 pp.171-225

Saferworld (2004) ‘Police reform through community based policing, philosophy and guidelines for implementation’,www.saferworld.org.uk/resources/view-resource/34-policereform-through community-based-policing

Saferworld (2014) Saferworld: Community Security Handbook, Saferworld Report

Smith L. C., and Ali S.(2007) Measuring Food Security Using Household Expenditure Surveys.

Food Security in Practice technical guide series Washington, D.C.: International Food

Policy Research Institute.

Stabilisation Unit (2014) policing the Context – Principles and guidance to inform international policing assistance, What Works Series


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Happiness Okokah, Ibrahim Ignatius Felix Ruwan, Vakpa Iliya, Ogheneovie O. Akise, Chukwu Daniel Chibueze

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.