Theresa Nkiruka Nnoruga, Titus Ojo Oshomoh (PhD), Adebayo Victor Ogunbadejo


A long-running internecine conflict between Crop-farmers and Herdsmen is increasingly assuming a dangerous dimension for human security in Nigeria. The limited access to land, climate change, and population growth, among other factors, have created a fertile ground for a fierce competition between the two livelihood groups in Nigeria. This situation has resulted to irreparable loss of human and material resources needed for social integration, political and economic development of the country. Also, the conflict between the two warring groups has shortchanged Nigeria, as the country expends millions of naira to manage the menace at this critical period of economic recession, when the country is working assiduously to diversify the economy. However, it is observed that religious coloration of herdsmen/crop-farmers’ violence in Nigeria has not been given adequate attention by researchers, scholars and even governments, this development has consequences on the social integration and the development of the country. This paper therefor eexamines the implications of religious coloration of Herdsmen/Crop-farmers crises and the challenges it poses to social integration and economic fortune of Nigeria. The work adopts the method of Social media, journal articles, books, newspaper and magazine to elicit information. It established that herdsmen/crop-farmers violence does not only undermine the security system, but also threatens peaceful coexistence among Nigerians. The paper therefore recommends that there is need for the pastoralists and crop-farmers to see one another as team-players and needed stakeholders in federal government’s aspiration and efforts to achieve economic prosperity for the country through the diversification of her economy, and most especially, through agriculture. Security operatives too need to be proactive and remain apolitical in order to be able to mitigate the numerous security challenges bedeviling Nigerian society.


Herdsmen/Crop-farmers, Social-integration, Religious coloration, Nigeria, Security.

Full Text:



Adetiba, T. C. and Rahim, A. (1999). Inclusive Governance in Ethnically Divided Nigeria since 1999: The Application of the Principle of Federal Character and Power Sharing System, Greener Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3

Ajamu, T. K. (2013).“Implications of Ethno-Religious Conflicts in Northern Nigeria on National Security and Nation Building” in: Ayantayo, J. K. and Fatokun, S.A. (eds.) Religion and Security Issues: Proceedings of 2013 Biennial International Religious Studies Conference, Vol. 5, Department of Religious Studies, University of Ibadan

Akinade A. E, (2002). The Precarious Agenda: Christian-Muslim Relations in Contemporary Nigeria, Lecture given in honor of Professor Jane Smithstitled “Essentials of Christian-Muslim Relation”.

Aliyu M. K., Ikedinma H. A. and Akinwande A. E.(2018). Assessment of the Effects of Farmers-Herdsmen Conflicts on National Integration in Nigeria, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 8, No. 10

Bello A. U.(2013). Herdsmen and Farmers Conflicts in North Eastern Nigeria: Causes, Repercussions and Resolutions, Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, Vol. 2, No. 5

Channels Television Sunrise Daily News at 10: 00pm, February 6, 2018

Chikodiri, N. and Chukwuemeka E.(2019). Nomadic Pastoralism and Human Security: Towards a Collective Action against Herders-Farmers Crisis in Nigeria, AfriHeritage Research Work Paper, 010

ECOWAS Protocol Guide, downloaded from ECOWAS website on the 7 March, 2020

Erondu, C. I. and Nwakanma E. (2018). New Dimension of the Farmers and Herdsmen Crisis in Nigeria and the Implications for Development, International Multi-Dimensional Journal, Vol. 12, No. 4

Fajonyomi, S. O.,Fatile, J. O. and Ejalonibu, G. L.(2016). Fulani Herdsmen/Farmers Conflicts: Implications for Socio-Economic Development in Nigeria, International Journal of Development Strategies in Humanities, Management and Social Sciences, Vol. 6, no. 2

Fasona, M. J. and Omojola, A. S.(2005). Climate Change, Human Security and Communal Clashes in Nigeria, Paper presented at International Workshop in Human Security and Climate Change, Oslo: Holmen Fjord Hotel, October 21-23

Frantkin, E.(1997). Pastoralism: Governance and Development Issues, Annual Review of Anthropology, 26

Global Terrorist Index report of 2019, The Nigerian Observer Newspaper, 18 December, 2019

http// Global Terrorist Index report of 2019

Mayeni, J. How Nigeria's cattle war is fuelling religious tension, BBC Report, May 9, 2018

Mike Pompeo (2019). US Places Nigeria on Watch-List of Countries that Violate Religious Freedom, Vanguard Newspaper, December 21, 2019

Ndubuisi C. I.(2018). A Critical Analysis of the Conflicts between Herdsmen and Farmers in Nigeria: Causes and Socio-religious and Political Effects on National Development, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 74, No. 1

Ngbea T. G. and Ngbea T. J.(2019). Political and Religious Implications Herdsmen and Farmers Crises in Nigeria, International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2

Odueko F. D.(2019). Panacea for Herdsmen-Farmers Conflicts in Nigeria, Journal of Dairy, Veterinary & Animal Research, Vol. 8, No. 2

Ogubadejo, A.V. (2020). Doctrinal Supremacy Counterclaims of Living Faiths; the Case of Christianity and Islam in the Religiously Pluralized Nigeria and Sustainable Development (IJMSSPCS): International Journal of Management, Social Sciences, Peace and Conflict Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 369-385

Olatunji E. A. and Ayuba G. M.(2016). Kaduna State Sharia Crises of 2000: The Lessons and Challenges After Sixteen Years, IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (IOSR-JHSS), Vol. 21, No 10

Oluwasuji C. O.Omodia S.M. and Oyinloye B.(2018). The Political Economy of Fulani Herdsmen Activities and Inter-Ethno-Religious Relations in Nigeria’s Forth Republic: Issues and Prospects, Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (SJHSS), Vol. 3, Issue 7

Oshomoh T.O.(2017). Ethno-Religious Crises as an Index of Social Instability in Jos, Nigeria, Akungba Journal of Religion and African Culture, Vol. 5, No. 1


Newswatch Magazine, March 15, 1987

Nigerian Tribune, Thursday 11-4-2014

The Nation Newspaper, March 25, 2018

The Punch Newspaper, October 12, 2018

Vanguard Newspaper, January 30, 2017


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Theresa Nkiruka Nnoruga, Titus Ojo Oshomoh (PhD), Adebayo Victor Ogunbadejo










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.