Chibuike G. Ozoagu (PhD), Chinelo P. Aka


A university is a place where universal knowledge is taught and learned. The term “university education”, means the totality of general and specialized knowledge and skills that enable a graduate to solve problems that he encounters in the industry or to perform scientific research or pedagogical work within the area of specialized knowledge that he has acquired. Social demand is the demand for formal education not only for its benefits in employment, but also as a consumer good with intrinsic values in its own right. It equally means an approach and as such, it is an educational planning methodology that is based on the individual’s demand for education rather than the requirements of the economy in terms of educated manpower. In the light of the above, this paper examines the impact of education funding in relation with the relevance of university education to the socio-political development. In order to have a thorough and detailed result, certain concepts relating to the topic stated above were extensively x-rayed and explicitly discussed; as a result, suggestions that include the following were made. 1.) For any meaningful development to occur, education must be given its prime position in scheme of things. Therefore, government should vote at least 26% of the nation’s annual income into the system etc.


University Education, Social Demand, Education Funding, Relevance, Socio-Political Development.

Full Text:



Addo P. K (2019). Contribution of Higher Education in National Development, International Journal of Educational Leadership (IJEL) Volume 2, Number 2. June, 2010.

Aghenta J.A. (1987) Towards A System Approach to Planning of Secondary Education in Nigeria. Ile-Ife: University of Ife-Press 3.

Aguba R.C. (2005). Adequate funding as a basic effective implementation of the Universal Basic Education in Nigeria. Journal of Qualitative Education 1(1)

Akunyili, D. (2010).Enhancing Human Capital Development through a Dynamic Educational System. A Key Note Address Presented at the 1st LIT (Ladies of Ivory Tower) Conference in Enugu; 12th-14th October (2019). What is university education. Retrieved 23/11/19 from

Business Encyclopedia (2019).The Role of Fund and Funding. Retrieved 23/11/19 from

Collins Dictionary (2018).University Education definition. Retrieved 27/11/19from

Coombs P. H (1968). The World Educational Crisis- UNESCO. Retrieved 23/11/19 from

Definitions net (2019). What is funding. Retrieved 23/11/19 from

Dhesi A. (1996). Social Demand for Higher Education. Retrieved 19/11/19 from

Encyclopædia Britannica: (2012). "University retrieved 10/11/9 from

F G N (2004).National Policy on Education; fourth edition. Retrieved 13/12/19 from

Gordon L. W (1968).Paris and Oxford Universities in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. An Institutional and Intellectual History Case. U S A Solution Matrix Ltd

Hamlyn D. W (1996).Concept of a University. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Harnqvist K. (1987). Economics of Education. Retrieved 25/10/19 from

Harvey L. (2004). Quality in Higher Education. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Ikediugwu N.P &Nwangwu I.O (2010).Repositioning Nigeria Educational System for Human Capital Development: A prerequisite for actualization of vision 20:2020.Lit Academic journal Vol 1. (60)

Juma C. (2014). Reinventing African’s Universities. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Kahgan J. (2019). Investopedia; Budgeting & Savings. Retrieved 21/11/19 from

Mustafa A. (2017). Higher Education and National Development.Retrieved 17/11/19 from

Newman university (2019). The idea of university. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Nwangwu I.O, Otegbulu M.I. &Eze T.A (2017).Theories and Leadership Styles in Educational Administration. Enugu; His Glory Publications

Okeke F. (2005). Strategies for effective funding of secondary schools in states: Unpublished M.Ed Dissertation. University of Nigeria Nsukka.

Ozoagu, G. C (2015).Alternative Sources of Financing Secondary Education in Enugu State; Unpublished M.Ed Dissertation. Department of Educational Management, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Agbani

Pierre R, (1978). Education and Culture in the Barbarian West: From the Sixth through the Eighth Century, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, ISBN 0-87249-376-8, pp. 126-7, 282-98

Rensik B. L (2006). Educational Measurement; Issues and Practice.Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Riché, P. (1978): "Education and Culture in the Barbarian West: From the Sixth through the Eighth Century", Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, ISBN 0-87249-376-8, pp. 126-7, 282-98

Rüegg, W. (1992).The University as a European Institution: A History of the University in Europe. Vol. 1: Universities in the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 0-521-36105-2,

Schmidt M. (2004). Building the Business improved learning outcomes. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Sheasby L. (2019). What is Social Demand Approach in Educational Planning? Retrieved 17/11/19 from

Shaheen N. (2018). Social Demand Approach in Education Planning. Retrieved 13/11/19 from

Sharma R. (2015). Role of Universities in the Development of Civil Society and Social Transformation. Retrieved 21/11/19 from


Sunday Times Rich List (2010).Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 20/11/19 from

Sunday Times Rich List (2009).Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 20/11/19 from

The Free Dictionary (2019).Social Demand for Education. Retrieved 20/11/19 from

UNESCO (2010).Directions in Educational Planning.Retrieved 24/11/19 from

Verma D. (2018). 4 Major Approaches to Educational Planning- Explained. Retrieved 20/11/19 from

Watson D. (2011).Misunderstanding Higher Education. Retrieved 13/11/19 from › wp-content › uploads › 2014/02 › Misunderstand...


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Chibuike G. Ozoagu (PhD), Chinelo P. Aka










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.