Adegboyega Adebayo, Lawrence Bolanle Oso, Adeniyi Akeju, Olukayode Olalekan Oduntan, Taiwo Nuvenaze Meya, Adebola Moshood Odunowo, Timothy Ayanbamiji Ajala


This study examined work-life balance and job satisfaction of female academic staff in public universities in Lagos State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. A total of 93 female academics were chosen from University of Lagos (UNILAG), Akoka and Lagos State University (LASU), Lagos State, Nigeria using purposive sampling technique. Two types of instruments were used namely: Work-Life Balance Scale (WOLBS) and Job Satisfaction Scale (JOSS) with reliability coefficients of 0.913 and 0.904. Regression analysis was used for testing the hypotheses at .05 significance level. The findings revealed that flexible-work hours, work-shift and study leave significantly influence job satisfaction of female academic staff. About 21% of the variance in job satisfaction of female academic staff) was accounted for by the linear combination of the independent variables (flexible-work hours, work-shift and study leave). The implication of this is that work-life balance policy practices in University of Lagos (UNILAG), Akoka and Lagos State University (LASU), Lagos State, needs improvement in order for female lecturers to strike a satisfactory balance between the time they spend at work and the time they spend on non-work roles. It was recommended that efforts should be geared towards ensuring that work-family balance policy options (such as job sharing, compressed working hours, telecommuting, flexi time, child-care assistance, and so forth) are made for women academics. Such policies should priorities work flexibility for female academics.


Work-Life Balance, Flexible-Work Hours, Work-Shift, Study Leave, Job Satisfaction, Female Academics.

Full Text:



Abdullah, A. S., Aremu, N. S., & Abogunrin, A. P. (2018). Work-life balance and academic staff performance in Nigerian universities. Ilorin Journal of Human Resource Management, 2(1), 100-113.

Adebayo, A. (2016). Work-life balance among academic staff of the University of Lagos. Makerere Journal of Higher Education, 8 (2), 153 – 164.

Adekanye, E., A., & Nduka, S. C. (2017). Work-family conflict, job satisfaction and job performance of female librarians in nine chosen Federal academic libraries in South-West, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Information Science and Technology, 10(2), 216-227.

Agha,K., Azmi, F. T., &. Irfan, A. (2017). Work-life balance and job satisfaction: An empirical study focusing on higher education teachers in Oman. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 7(3), 164-171.

Arif, B., & Farooqi, Y. A. (2014). Impact of work life balance on job satisfaction and organizational commitment among university teachers: A case study of University of Gujrat, Pakistan. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Engineering, 5(9), 24-29.

ArunaShantha, A. (2019). The impact of work-life balance on job satisfaction with special reference to ABC Private Limited. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR), 3(6), 97-108.

Barlas, B. (2016). Job satisfaction among academic staff in a faculty of a reputable Turkish University: Past and Present. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, 3(1), 1-11.

Bodla, A. A., Hussain, M., & Chen, C. (2014). Determinants of job satisfaction in academic professionals of Pakistan. Sukkur Institute of Business Administration, 1, 20-39.

Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: a new theory of work/family balance. Journal of Human Relations , 53, 747-770.

Fayyazi, M., & Aslani, F. (2015). The impact of work-life balance on employees’ job satisfaction and turnover intention; the moderating role of continuance commitment. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 51, 33-41.

Guest, D. E. (2002). Human resource management: When research confronts theory. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(2), 22-38.

Hasan, S., Sentot, I. W., Albert Feisal, I., Othman, A., & Kaliammah, M. M. (2015). Work-life balance (WLB) relationship with employees satisfaction: An evidence from Malaysia higher education institution. International Journal of Science Commerce and Humanities, 3(2), 50-60.

Hijazi, S., Kasim, A. L., & Daud, Y. (2017). Leadership styles and their relationship with the private university employees. Job satisfaction in United Arab Emirates. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 6(4), 110-124.

Hundera, M. B. (2014). Factors affecting academic staff turnover intentions and the moderating effect of gender. International Journal of Research in Business Management, 2(9), 2321-2336.

Khairunneezam, M. N., Suriani, S. O., & Nadirah, N. A. H. (2017). Work-life balance satisfaction among academics in public higher educational sector. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7, 5-19.

Korlo, K. A., & Akintunde, O. O. (2016). Exploring factors influencing teacher job satisfaction in Nigerian schools. Department of Educational Foundations, University of Jos.

Lewis, R. A. (2016). Work-life balance in academia: experiences of lecturers in Switzerland. International Journal of Business and Management, IV(1), 69-84.

Nicole, E. A. (2003). The difficulty of leaving work inside the prison walls: An explanatory analysis of female correlational officer identity. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Chicago, IL.

Nwagbara, U. (2020). Institutions and organizational work-life balance (WLB) policies and practices: Exploring the challenges faced by Nigerian female workers. Journal of Work-Applied Management, 12(1), 42-54.

Ogechi, E. B., & Nwaeke, L. I. (2019). Assessment of work-life balance and employees’ job performance in oil servicing companies in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. IIARD International Journal of Economics and Business Management, 3(5), 33-42.

Oludeyi, O. S., & Olajide, O. E. (2016). Occupational wellbeing among female academics: The influence of family-work interface. OUSL Journal, 10, 1-22.

Sturges, J., & Guest, D. (2004). Working to live or living to work? Work/life balance early in the career. Human Resource Management Journal, 14(4), 5-20.

Szromek, A. R., & Wolniak, R. (2020). Job satisfaction and problems among academic staff in higher education. MDPI Sustainability. Department of Organization and Management, Institute of Economy and Informatics, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 2A, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.

Voydanoff, P. (2004). The effects of work demands and resources on work-to-family conflict and facilitation. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(2), 398-412.

Warner, A. (2005). Why we should care about workfamily-conflicts causes and consequences? Human Resources Professional Association, Retrieved October 31, 2020 from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Adegboyega Adebayo, Lawrence Bolanle Oso, Adeniyi Akeju, Olukayode Olalekan Oduntan, Taiwo Nuvenaze Meya, Adebola Moshood Odunowo, Timothy Ayanbamiji Ajala










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.